Determination of Iridotrabecular Contact Using the Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Lights-on and Lights-off Conditions

James Paul S. Gomez, MD, DPBO, and Edgar U. Leuenberger, MD, DPBO

Asian Eye Institute

Phinma Plaza Building, Hidalgo Drive

Rockwell, Makati, Metro Manila

Disclosure: The authors have no financial or proprietary interest in any of the results of the study.



Objective: To determine the presence of iridotrabecular contact (ITC) and compare the changes in anterior chamber angle (ACA) measurements in room lights-on and lights-off conditions using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in eyes diagnosed as primary angle closure suspects (PACS) by gonioscopy.

Methods: This is a retrospective review of 144 eyes of 79 patients (70 females, 9 males) with PACS. All eyes were imaged using the VisanteĀ® time-domain AS-OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA). Each eye was imaged twice; the first scan was done with the room lights on followed by a second scan done after turning the room lights off for 2 minutes. The principal outcome measure was the presence of ITC in either lighting condition. Other angle metrics that were assessed included anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle opening distance (AOD), trabecular-iris space area (TISA), and scleral spur angle (SSA). Presence of ITC and differences in the angle metrics between the 2 lighting conditions were then analyzed using the t-tests and logistic regression.

Results: ITC was present in 36.8% (53) of the study eyes. Twenty percent (20%) of the study eyes (29) did not initially exhibit ITC in the lights-on phase but developed ITC when imaged with the lights off. Persistent ITC was seen in 16.6% (24 eyes) in both lighting conditions. ITC occurred in 52.2% of the eyes with ACD less than 2.18 mm. Logistic regression showed that there is a 91% decrease in the odds of having ITC in lights-off condition for every millimeter of ACD increase. Age was not associated with the occurrence of ITC in the lights-off condition.

Philipp J Ophthalmol 2019;44:19-24

All other analyzed parameters decreased significantly in the lights-off condition (p<0.05) except for the ACD, nasal TISA-500, and temporal SSA.

Conclusions: The presence of ITC is a well-established characteristic of eyes with angle closure. In eyes with PACS, detection of ITC may be enhanced with AS-OCT imaging in lights-off condition.

Keywords: Iridotrabecular contact, AS-OCT, angle metrics.