The PHILIPPINE JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY (PJO), the official journal of the Philippine Academy of Ophthalmology, aims to provide a venue for exchange of ideas and information among ophthalmologists and other physicians. It publishes peer-reviewed reports of original clinical and laboratory investigations, epidemiological studies done in the Philippines and other countries, major reviews of specific topics, evaluation of diagnostic and surgical techniques, treatment methods, latest updates, and controversial issues in ophthalmology.

Published biannually, Number One of Volume One is dated January–March 1969. Entered as a third-class mail matter at the Manila Post Office on February 13, 1969.

Journal International Standard Serial Number:
PHISSN 0031 - 7659.
Vol. 29 No.1, March 2004.

Copyright 2009. All rights reserved.


To provide up to date medical and scientific information on ophthalmology.

We are a peer-reviewed journal that provides a venue for exchange of medical and scientific information related to ophthalmology and visual sciences.

PJO Editorial Board


Editor in Chief

Franz Marie O. Cruz, MD


Managing Editor

Marie Joan V. Loy, MD


Independent Reviewers, 2019

Andrea Kristina Pajarillo, MD

Ronald Antonio Reyna, MD

Peter Paul Ronque, MD

Nilo Vincent Florcruz, MD

Karina De Sagun-Bella, MD

Reginald Robert Tan, MD

Ma. Dominga Padilla, MD

Sharlene Noguera, MD

Mary Rose Pe-Yan, MD

Terrence Cham, MD

Mary Ellen Sy, MD

Edgar Leuenberger, MD