Vol 40 No 2 Original Article PDF

Clinical Profile and Demographics of Glaucoma Patients Managed in a Philippine Tertiary Hospital

Jose Ma. Martinez, MD and Mark Angelo B. Hosaka, MD


To determine the demographic and clinical profile of glaucoma patients seen in a Philippine tertiary hospital from 2011 to 2014.


Medical records of glaucoma patients managed at the outpatient ophthalmology clinic from October 2010 to August 2014 were reviewed. Diagnosis of glaucoma was based on the International Society of Geographic and Epidemiological Ophthalmology (ISGEO) guidelines. The demographics, clinical profile, functional severity scoring, and initial management of patients were described.


Majority of the 570 patients were females (60.17%), with a mean age of 56.23 years. Eighty-five percent claimed to have no family history of glaucoma. The mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.40, the mean intraocular pressure (IOP) was 23.56 mmHg, and the mean cup-to-disc (CD) ratio was 0.69. There were more primary type of glaucoma (55.48%) than secondary glaucoma. Mixed pattern was the most common type of visual field pattern at initial presentation. Majority of the defects were under GSS 2 stage 2 of mean deviation (MD) and loss variance (LV). Medical treatment was the most common initial management given to glaucoma patients.


The primary glaucomas were more common than the secondary glaucomas seen in a private tertiary hospital. Most had moderate visual field damage (mixed type pattern) and the most common initial management given was medical treatment.

Keyword: Glaucoma, Epidemiology, Primary open angle glaucoma, Primary angle closure glaucoma, Secondary glaucoma, Normal tension glaucoma, ISGEO guidelines