Axial-length computation using corneal dimensions and A-scan biometry
Rey Matanguihan, MD, James Co Shu Ming, MD, Processo Surrell, MD
To compare the axial length derived from a formula incorporating corneal dimensions with the results obtained by A-scan biometry.
This is a nonrandomized comparative study of patients from the outpatient department of a tertiary-care academic medical institution who were screened for cataract surgery. Corneal diameter and slope were measured with a Vernier no. 6 caliper and axial length determined using Ophthasonic A-Scan III machine. Computed axial lengths were arrived at using a formula incorporating corneal diameter and slope. The mean difference of measured and computed axial lengths were statistically analyzed using paired t test and
general linear model tests.
A total of 105 eyes (96 patients) were included in the study. The mean difference between computed and measured axial lengths was not statistically significant (p = 0.64 for computed axial length < 22.00 mm, p = 0.11 for computed axial length of 22.00 to 22.99, p = 0.81 for computed axial length of 23.00 to 23.99, and p = 0.03 for computed axial length ≥ 24.00 mm).
Axial length measured with an A-scan can be reliably approximated by using Surrell’s formula based on corneal length measurements.
Keywords: Axial length, Corneal diameter, Corneal slope, Biometry