Vol 45 No 1 PDF

Notice to Readers and Contributors

Franz Marie O. Cruz, MD

Managing Editor
Jubaida R. Mangondato-Aquino, MD

Independent Reviewers, 2020

Terrence Cham, MD
Maria Hannah Pia De Guzman, MD
Aldous De Leon, MD
John Alfred Lim, MD
Richard Nepomuceno, MD
Ian Paredes, MD
Cesar Perez Jr, MD
Christine Siguan-Bell, MD
Analyn Suntay-Guerrero, MD
Reginald Robert Tan, MD


The Philippine Journal of Ophthalmology (PJO), the official journal of the Philippine Academy of Ophthalmology, aims to provide a venue for exchange of ideas and information among ophthalmologists and other physicians. It publishes peer-reviewed reports of original clinical and laboratory investigations, epidemiological studies done in the Philippines and other countries, major reviews of specific topics, evaluation of diagnostic and surgical techniques, treatment methods, latest updates, and controversial issues in ophthalmology.

Published biannually, Number One of Volume One is dated January–March 1969. Entered as a third-class mail matter at the Manila Post Office on February 13, 1969.

Journal International Standard Serial Number: PHISSN 0031 – 7659. Vol. 29 No.1, March 2004.

Copyright 2009. All rights reserved.

Philippine Academy of Ophthalmology
Unit 815 Medical Plaza Makati
Amorsolo Street, corner Dela Rosa Street
1229 Makati City, Philippines
Telephone : +63-2-8135324
Fax : +63-2-8135331
Email : secretariat_pao@globelines.com.ph

Publishing and Editorial Consultant
4th Flr., The Taipan Place, F. Ortigas Jr. Ave.
Ortigas Business District, 1605 Pasig City
Tel. (632) 638-1461 to 69 • Fax: (632) 638-3232




Manuscripts should be submitted to the editorial offices of the Philippine Journal of Ophthalmology (PJO) at the Philippine Academy of Ophthalmology (PAO), Unit 815 Medical Plaza Makati, Amorsolo Street, corner Dela Rosa Street, 1229 Makati City, Philippines.

Authors must submit, along with the manuscript, a duly accomplished and signed copyright transfer. No manuscript will be reviewed until the signed copyright transfer is received.

The author/s shall pay for the cost of the color separation processing for color photographs included in the manuscript.

Manuscripts submitted for consideration are reviewed by editors and other experts in the field. Reviewers are consultants to the editor and are instructed not to discuss the paper with the authors. Reviewers should not cite the manuscript or refer to the work it describes before it has been published. Reviewers should refrain from using the information contained in the manuscript for the advancement of their own work or that of their colleague or institution.


The Journal is published biannually; subscribers will receive two issues per year with supplements on special topics that the editors deem of interest or significance. PAO members in good standing are automatically enrolled subscribers with no additional fees except for the supplements. Nonmembers may subscribe at the following rates, which include delivery fees and online access to the PJO website.

Local PhP 1,200.00
Foreign USD 70.00


Local PhP 1,400.00
Foreign USD 90.00

Particular issues may be purchased at the following rates per copy subject to availability:

Local PhP 700.00
Foreign USD 40.00

Local PhP 900.00
Foreign USD 50.00


Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editor(s) or the Publisher (Philippine Academy of Ophthalmology). The Editors and the PAO assume no responsibility for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of product liability or negligence or which otherwise arise from use or operation of any methods, products, instructions, or ideas cited or dis­cussed in an article in the Journal.

Although all advertising materials are expected to conform to ethical (medical) standards, the appearance of advertising in PJO does not constitute a guarantee or endorsement by the PJO or the PAO of the quality or value of such product or the claims made for it by its manufacturer.


Reprint requests and advertising inquiries may be addressed to the Managing Editor, Philippine Journal of Ophthalmology, Unit 815 Medical Plaza Makati, Amorsolo St., corner Dela Rosa St., 1229 Makati City, Philippines.