Long-Term Effect on Corneal Curvature of Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking for Keratoconus
Jess L. Paningasan, Jr., MD and Ruben Lim Bon Siong, MD
Eye Institute, St. Luke’s Medical Center
E. Rodriguez Ave., Quezon City, 1102, Philippines
Correspondence: Jess L. Paningasan Jr., MD
St. Luke’s Medical Center, E. Rodriguez Ave., Quezon City, 1102, Philippines
Disclosure: The authors report no conflict of interests.
Objective: To determine the effect of corneal collagen cross-linking on the corneal curvature of eyes with keratoconus measured using an Oculus Pentacam® at 2 years and annually thereafter.
Methods: This was a descriptive, retrospective study involving patients with keratoconus who had undergone uncomplicated collagen cross-linking using the Dresden protocol from January 2012 to March 2016. Baseline
measurements of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), maximum K value (Kmax), corneal astigmatism, anterior
and posterior elevation map changes were recorded and compared with data taken at 2 and 3 years.
Results: This study included 32 patients (48 eyes) with a mean follow-up of 28.88 ± 6.23 months. Only 4 patients (6 eyes) had 3-year follow-up data with a mean follow-up of 42.83 ± 4.58 months. When all eyes were considered, significant changes were noted in Kmax, BCVA, and anterior and posterior elevation maps between baseline and 2-year follow-up. Specifically, there were significant decreases in Kmax (p<0.0001) and anterior elevation (p<0.05), and significant improvement in BCVA (p<0.01) while posterior elevation (p<0.0001) was found to have increased significantly at 2nd year follow-up compared to baseline. When only eyes with 3-year follow-up data was analyzed, only BCVA showed significant change (p<0.05). Corneal astigmatism remained stable during the study period.
Conclusion: Two to 3 years after collagen cross-linking for keratoconus, corneal curvature parameters and BCVA showed improved and stable outcomes when compared to baseline.
Keywords: Keratoconus, collagen crosslinking, corneal curvature, corneal astigmatism, best-corrected visual acuity, anterior and posterior elevation maps